Cybersecurity is a constantly evolving field. Due to the increased number of people and devices connected through the Internet, there has been an increase in the need for security. With this rise in digital activity has come a corresponding need to teach online safety. While not all cybersecurity skills can be taught in a K-12 classroom setting, some basic foundational skills can. This curriculum attempts to integrate basic cybersecurity skills in the classroom with the least amount of burden on the instructor while introducing students to cybersecurity themes and skills.


The purpose of this scope and sequence is to integrate cybersecurity knowledge and skills into the K-12 curriculum in order to make cybersecurity a commodity within public education. 


A computing-based discipline involving technology, people, information, and processes to enable assured operations in the context of adversaries. It involves the creation, operation, analysis, and testing of secure computer systems. It is an interdisciplinary course of study, including aspects of law, policy, human factors, ethics, and risk management. (CSEC 2017 JTF, 2017)

The following conceptual themes are the basis for the scope and sequence of this K-12 curriculum.

1. Basic Knowledge of computing systems (Hardware and Software)

2. Networking

3. Foundational Principles of Cybersecurity

4. Ethics

5. Online Safety and Security

6. Social Engineering

7. Career Awareness

Grade levels are grouped by the following model due to developmental and educational research methods:

Grades K-2

Grades 3-5

Grades 6-8

Grades 9-12

Links for Applicable Standards